Who is Angela Merkel?

In Germany, the Chancellor is a very powerful position. It is the head of a government and that is what Angela Merkel has been since 2005. Not only she is an invincible figure in German politics but Europe’s most powerful leader. She is without a doubt, the most powerful women in the world today.

Merkel was born in Hamburg, Germany. After obtaining a doctorate in quantum chemistry and working as a research scientist, Merkel entered politics in 1989, and briefly served as a deputy spokesperson for the East-German Government which was elected democratically for the first time in 1990.

After the reunification of East Germany and West German in 1990, Merkel was elected to the Bundestag (German Federal Parliament, just like Lower House of Parliament) for the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. She has been elected till now.

Merkel was appointed as the Federal Minister for Nuclear Safety in 1994. and elected the first Female leader of the Christian Democratic Union(CDU) party’s in 1998.

1st Women to become the German Chancellor

Merkel in 2005 after becoming the First Female German Chancellor 

After the 2005 Federal Election ( like Lower House Election), Merkel was appointed Germany’s first female chancellor. In the 2009 federal election, Merkel was again able to form the government while in 2013 federal election, Merkel’s CDU won a landslide victory with 41.5% of the vote and in 2017 federal election, the CDU again became the largest party in Germany, Merkel was reelected for the fourth time.

Earlier in 2007, Merkel was elected as President of Council of the European Union. She became the longest-serving necessary head of government in the European Union and she is currently the senior G7 leader. Forbes list of The World’s Most Powerful People ranked Merkel as the world’s second most powerful person in 2012.

Merkel at G7 Summit with the world leaders

Merkel ensured very good relations with U.S. Presidents George W. Bush , and Barack Obama. Obama described her in 2016 as his “closest
international partner” throughout his tenure as President.

During the Syrian Civil War in 2015, Merkel pledged to give refuge to hundreds of thousands of Syrians in fleeing the fighting, going
against the enforcement of EU regulations. That was a reason for divide in her party and her country.

Decided to Step Down as the leader

In October 2018, Merkel announced that she would not seek reelection as leader of the CDU at the party convention in December 2018
and as Chancellor in 2021. She also stated that she will leave politics altogether.

on Oct 29th, 2018 she asked Germans to do something far less familiar, and “get ready for the time after me.” The chancellor said she would step down as leader of her conservative party in December and would not seek re-election in 2021.

“Germany has been a cradle of political stability over the last decade, but this now looks to be over,” said Stefan Koopman (economist).


Angela Merkel with former Chancellor Helmut Kohl in 1997

Reason for Stepping down

Ms. Merkel’s announcement came hours after her party recorded the worst election results since 1966 in the western state of Hesse.

“I was not born a chancellor and I have never forgotten that,” Ms. Merkel said. Serving as chancellor was an “honor,” she said. “I am very
grateful that I have been able to do so for so long.”

At a party conference in December, Ms. Merkel’s party will choose a new leader for the 2021 election that will also decide the direction of
the party on issues like migration and the future of Europe.

“As chancellor and leader of the CDU I’m politically responsible for everything, for successes and for failures,” she said.